Eden’s Bridge Blog Milestone: Top Article

Okay, so my blog is not exactly setting the world on fire but it has just passed 20,000 page views. To date, the most popular post (accounting for about 4.4% of all page views across 160 posts) has been “On Justice and Righteousness (mishpat & tsadaq)—Strong’s 4941 & 6663,”  an excerpt from my book, Eden’s Bridge: The Marketplace in Creation and Mission.

I find this intriguing because given all the other content of the blog, this post is fundamentally biblical and theological study. Mostly what I hear from folk when I share on the integration of Christian faith and economics is that they want bullet points on “what do I need to do.” I am encouraged that my most popular article is focused more on knowing God and understanding his ways.

Eden’s Bridge has been, from its start, a fledgling ministry. Without the support of an academy, I have largely funded operations out of my own pocket. I am deeply grateful to a handful of people who have come alongside and offered help when I needed it most (especially in getting to Chiang Mai, Thailand for the Global BAM Congress last April).

Right now, however, I could use your help. I believe there are two areas of concern that require more research in the business as mission movement. One is on the theoretical (biblical and theological) side where we need to more carefully consider how BAM and Christian Social Enterprise (CSE) tend to set themselves apart from Christians who are already doing “business as business” and whether creating such a dichotomy is helpful, or even a legitimate approach. Are we called to create “alternatives” to worldly institutions (like the marketplace) or are we called to lead and transform these institutions, from where they are, according to the  biblical, redemptive mission of God?

The second area for research is on the practical side. There are thousands of BAM / CSE initiatives popping up all over the world but communications between them is often all but nonexistent. We need academic leadership to step up and engage in the coordinated research of assigning, then collecting, collating, and analyzing case studies to help us better understand what is happening and where, and what we can learn from melding these data in a “big picture” conversation, especially to develop best practices, answer the big questions of funding, facilitation, and mobilizing marketplace Christians from developed economies, and press the community of faith that is transforming business as we know it. The world’s poor continue to die everyday, both physically and spiritually. What is the role of the marketplace in revealing God to the world that they might be fed materially and in Christ?

Would you join with me? Donations can be made at PayPal using my email address: davedoty@edensbridge.org. Eden’s Bridge, Inc. is a U.S. registered, 501(c)(3) not for profit corporation and all gifts are tax deductible. Thank you for your continued support, especially in prayer.


Dave Doty

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BAM Think Tank #8 – Business as Mission: A Viking Challenge

Business as Mission: A Viking Challenge
BAM Think Tank Nordic Regional Group Report

Available for download here.

From the Executive Summary:

As far back as 200 years ago there was an example of BAM from the Nordic Region. This one person impacted his country socially, politically, financially and spiritually in just a few years. Hans Nielsen Hauge was a serial entrepreneur with a calling from God. He started around 30 companies, or rather industries, in Norway within 4 years and preached the gospel and discipled people.


The learnings we share come from our BAM work in our own region as well as work done going out from our region. We also report findings and recommendations from the work on different themes that we have done in various BAM Think Tank Issue Groups.


We researched four profiles of businesses that have been doing business as mission within or from the Nordic Region, plus a couple of shorter organisation summaries. We present some lessons learned and observations from these experiences.

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The Case for Investing in the Poor

Last March, the online headline in The Wall Street Journal’s Market Watch (03/28/2013) read, “U.S. corporate profits soar in 2012. Workers get little of it.”[i] To quote: Last year [2012], the profit of corporations rose to 12.4% of gross domestic product – the value of all goods and services produced in the U.S. That . . . marked the highest rate since 1943.” The story goes on to report that U.S. worker productivity continues to climb but worker compensation (as a percentage of GDP) has slipped to the lowest level since 1955.

Investors, including 401k holders and pension funds, may be encouraged but, as optimistic as the profitability numbers might be in the world’s view, getting a 1:8 return falls far short of the thirty, sixty, and hundredfold returns of Jesus’ proclamation about how “investing” in the Kingdom of God would turn out (Parable of the Sower, Matthew 13 and Mark 4).

Some will likely accuse me of applying “spiritual truths” to temporal practicalities but I align myself with John Wesley’s sentiment: The Gospel of Christ knows no religion but social; no holiness, but social holiness.”[ii] Wesley’s statement comes as argument against the isolating practices of desert ascetics but the spirit of what he says applies: the power of the Gospel, especially as Good News to the poor, is released in how we live unto holiness in relations with all those around us, even unto all the world (Mark 16:15) and especially economically.

Of grave concern to all God-followers throughout time has been the misery of the poor. God’s concern for the poor is stated and re-stated throughout the Bible. In fact, the treatment of the poor is one of the greatest tests of true holiness. How we treat the poor, how we combat poverty to alleviate the physical suffering and mental anguish that accompany it, may be the greatest litmus test and witness of the Church in the world today.

So the obvious argument goes that since God is concerned for the plight of the poor (which tends to also encapsulate the widow, the orphan, the lame, the blind, the migrant sojourner, etc.), we too should be concerned for the poor. We take it upon ourselves to do what charitable giving that we can but spend more of our time in prayer for the poor than actually doing them good. We tend to wring our hands and shake our heads in resignation that “the poor shall always be with us” (Matthew 16:11).

It is a challenging contrast to juxtapose Jesus’ words on the ever-present poor to God’s assertion in Deuteronomy 15:4 – However, there shall be no poor among you, since the LORD will surely bless you in the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess.” It appears that Jesus’ words are a reflection of resignation, or perhaps even an indictment of Israel’s failure to follow God, because the promise of Deuteronomy 15:4 rests entirely on the condition given in the very next verse – “if only you listen obediently to the voice of the LORD your God, to observe carefully all this commandment which I am commanding you today.”

We accept the theological truth: God loves all and has special concern for the poor. We nod our assent to the biblical truth: God expects his people to help the poor. But do we understand the temporal truth: the Kingdom was inaugurated on earth in the earthly ministry of Christ and Kingdom advancement is now the responsibility of the Church, convicted, informed, and empowered by the endowment of the Holy Spirit? It is our call to action.

The passage from Deuteronomy above comes as God is explaining his rule over Israel and how they will fare as they adhere to his commands and guidance in the land of promise. The promised land was a foreshadowing of the Kingdom now (actively) coming. Sound eschatology (the study of the last things) leads us to believe that God is working in, through, and around us to bring about his universal rule on earth as it is in heaven according to Jesus’ prayer (Matthew 6:10). History bears out the testimony of the civilizing influence of the Judeo-Christian heritage. Modern scientism, public healthcare, liberal (in the classic sense) governance and economic policy, reductions of war, public education, and much, much more owe a great deal of their advancement to the influence of Christ in the world over the past two thousand years.

While we may not see the world being changed, it is more due to our shortsightedness than it is to it being not true. God is at work, reaching out to all nations, changing hearts by the invitation of the Gospel to follow Jesus, influencing the spheres of individual influence toward greater peace and prosperity for all, toward the ultimate shalom of the Kingdom. The world is being reformed, being consumed in almost indiscernible increments, by the holy fire of God’s presence. The day is coming, upon Christ’s return, that that Kingdom shall culminate under his rule, but the work toward that culmination is being carried forward in our own day.

There has been a movement in recent history concerned with the reclamation and reformation of the seven mountains of human culture – family, religion (or, ideology), government, education, arts and entertainment, media, and business. The point of our focus here is on the last: God’s movement in the marketplace.

In previous writings, I have identified twelve dominant models of marketplace ministries, not the least of which is the business-as-mission (BAM) movement. Under the BAM umbrella is to be found hundreds, if not now tens of thousands, of initiatives undertaken by mission agencies, development corporations, and churches seeking to stimulate small business and job creation in impoverished urban and rural communities domestically and abroad. These efforts include those aimed at helping the poorest classes through the creation of micro-lending institutions and opportunities. Often the investment necessary to stabilize the daily sustenance of poor proprietors and their households is almost laughably small by what most of us would consider startup costs of a new business.

But, as mentioned above, while we have the theological and biblical truths to agree with, there is an argument to be made that might even sway the world to the practicalities of following God’s lead leading the Church: the thirty, sixty, and hundredfold return.

The world (and even some Christian financial counselors) see a consistent financial return of twelve percent as good enough. But that involves a fear-based strategy of creating our own safety nets. Jesus warns rather strongly that our worldly safety nets are not safe at all. The first warning comes in his admonition against laying up treasures in earthly things, preferring that we invest ourselves and our riches toward Kingdom building (Matthew 6:19-21). The other is when he teaches about the rich man planning to build bigger barns to contain his wealth while not realizing that his soul will be demanded of him by God that very night (Luke 12:16-20).

Our financial “safety,” wrapped up in so many material things, even leads some of us to live behind heavy locks on our doors, in gated communities, and under the watchful eye of home security systems. But our material wealth, extending to our stock portfolios, will not protect us when our Lord calls us home. How we have invested ourselves and our wealth will be of far greater importance than we might suspect when the time comes to review our lives before the judgment seat of God.

The lever is considered one of the six simplest machines in human experience. The language of leverage, the means by which we increase power by the use of an intervening tool, is common in the marketplace today. The lever increases the potential of whatever power is applied to it.

In business, capital is the lever to unleashing the productive potential of the labor (physical strength and endurance) and ideas (mental acuity) of humankind. The leverage of capital invested in conventional strategies in developed economies is not yet completely tapped but the reduction from a hundredfold return (Kingdom principle) to an 1:8 ratio (12.5% market reality) should make Christians rethink how we are living financially in God’s Kingdom now.

The key to Kingdom investing is potential. Global productivity hinges on the output of highly developed economies – the United States, Europe, and Japan, as mainstays in productivity and size. Removing those three from the global picture, which represents about one eighth of the global population, reduces global per capita output to about one eighth of the standard in those developed economies. That is, workers outside those three produce at one eighth the level of U.S. workers.

If American, European, and Japanese workers can produce at the purchase parity power (PPP) standard of more than $50,000 annually, the other seven eights of the world’s population represents a quadrupling increase of global GDP if raised to the same productivity level. The last twenty years, through the far reaching consequences of globalizing business, have seen the greatest reduction of global poverty in human history. Imagine if global GDP, now about $82 trillion, grew to more than $300 trillion. That’s potential.

Put another way, think of capital as the heat under a boiler. Water tends to be inert unless acted upon by an outside force – heat, gravity, pressure, etc. If capital is invested in the poor, the upside of output is far greater than trading stocks on the future profitability of blue chip securities and government bonds. All GDP, ultimately, is labor. Unleashing the potential of idle labor requires capital. But it is more than dollars and cents, it is intellectual capital as well. By applying our financial resources as well as our intelligence, gleaned from decades of best-practices development, the plight of the poor may be ameliorated through growth economics at increasing speed.

What will it take for the Church to act? First comes self-denial. Western Christians are far too comfortable with the amenities of their comfortable lives. Many have surpassed necessity and now live lives of self-indulgence – luxury automobiles, fine dining, expensive entertainments, homes with the gadgets and expensive finishes, multiple home ownership, golf club memberships, luxuriant vacations, and the list goes on and on. Self-denial is repentance, turning away from ensuring one’s own comfort and ease and turning to consideration of the plight of the poor.

Second, the Church needs vision. According to Proverbs 29:18: Where there is no vision, the people are unrestrained (or perish materially and / or spiritually), But happy is he who keeps the law.” The Law was the condition of Israel’s prosperity, of its shalom, a word connoting communal well-being. The Law is the promise of the absence of poverty in the Deuteronomy passage cited above. Jesus fulfills the Law by truly changing the hearts of those seeking to be obedient to God, those willing, like Jesus, to sacrifice for the sake of those in any and every kind of need – spiritual, mental, physical, and financial.

Investment in the poor is Gospel testimony, that is, by our good works, we reveal the glory of God – our good works are the shining light of our witness (Matthew 5:16). Charity has its place when needs can be met no other way. But our allegiance to and fellowship with the poor need to go beyond bread for a day to means for a lifetime. The old adage about teaching a man to fish has been updated. Knowing how to fish is insufficient if there is no access to a pond or the fisherman has no gear.

The success of microlending agencies has been hit and miss thus far but those agencies are maturing. The strategies they employ can be adapted to larger scale enterprises working with thousands, or even millions, of would-be entrepreneurs throughout the world who lack both intellectual and financial capital. The rich do not have a corner on the cumulative cleverness of humankind to make a better way of life for themselves and their families. But, as recent trends in wealth accumulation make clear, the rich are increasingly controlling (even hindering) the potential of global workers by acting as an economic oligarchy, making product and service availability decisions for the masses. Mega-corporations actual hinder and restrict human choice by dominating market strategies rather than encouraging the flourishing of innovation at the lowest levels where creative destruction sorts the bad from the good and the good from the better and best.

The Church has a great opportunity to demonstrate its presence and power in the world by living into the wisdom of God’s nature, character, and will. The abundance of the Garden of Eden, the original plan for human prosperity, is overshadowed by the staggering wealth of the New Jerusalem (a city built of precious jewels and gold). God created humankind to flourish, to prosper spiritually and materially. But those two, true spiritual and material prosperity, only occur in league and for only one purpose: glorifying witness to the goodness of God. If we Christians can get our economics right, coming alongside the poor and releasing their potential, investing ourselves and every form of capital in them, living with them as a true covenant community, the world will take notice of God’s people as a wise and understanding people with God in our midst (Deuteronomy 4:6), and his kindness will draw them unto repentance (Romans 2:4).

But if we deny God’s leading in ministering to the poor, specifically as a means of confessing witness that we believe the promises and obey the commands of God, denying Truth [the Sprit of Christ manifest] before men, we shall find ourselves denied before his throne (Matthew 10:33).

Love acts and it always acts according to love. There is no love at all without action (James 2:14-16), only a false religion devoid of meaning and power (2 Timothy 3:5).

[ii] John Wesley, The Works of John Wesley Volume XIV p321 preface to poetical works; Hendrickson Publishers.


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BAM Think Tank #5 – Business as Mission Franchising

“Business as Mission Franchising: Replicating Proven Businesses”

Available for download here.

From the Executive Summary: 

Many business as mission (BAM) practitioners believe that an increase in BAM franchising would more quickly increase the number of BAM businesses worldwide and thus exposure to God’s love and the gospel. Interest has been expressed in the concept of ‘BAM in a Box’, that is franchise and business replication opportunities that would make starting a new BAM business faster, easier, and with a greater chance of success.

Replicating successful BAM businesses should make a significant contribution to the BAM movement, but an investment of time, resources and expertise is required. The BAM in a Box Issue Group has created practical business replication “how-to guidelines” for BAM Entrepreneurs (BAMpreneurs) to support this need.

BAM franchising does have many advantages for BAMpreneurs. Franchise businesses are a lower risk for business owners and investors. Franchising is built on a proven business concept and provides many resources to support the business startup. Franchises generally come with a natural mentoring network and supportive training and systems.

However, few proven BAM franchising models exist and there is little franchising expertise in the business as mission community. A BAMpreneur cannot assume he or she can create a BAM franchise by themself without appropriate training and resources. Yet a fragmented BAM community makes growing networks for BAM franchising more difficult. Franchising looks easier than it is and new resources and networks will be needed to successfully foster significant BAM franchise growth.


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Love: Between Yes and Amen

“For as many as may be the promises of God, in Him they are yes; wherefore also by Him is our Amen to the glory of God through us” – 2 Corinthians 1:20.

The hardest part about being a Christian is getting our “Yes” (intellectual assent) to line up with our “Amen” (making it so). The biggest problem is that when we first come to hear about or meet Christ we have no real grasp of what He is all about. But our Yes is motivated by the deep, abiding love that comes from God to us and we are drawn to Him. It is well that love is the first real knowledge we have of God and the magnet to which we are drawn…for God is love (1 John 4:16).

But love transforms us as we come to understand love in a new perspective. Love in worldly perspective is two things that confuse our concept of God and the relationship He desires to have with us: emotion and reciprocity. Most of our earthly love relations are first based on emotional attachment. Sadly, more often than not, it is ultimately a selfish attraction. We want to be loved so are drawn to relationships that make us feel loved, that is, appreciated, attractive, wanted, respected. We also respond out of our physical nature, drawn to fulfill the “multiply” command. It is a hormonal response that can overwhelm all sense of logic and prudence.

When we give love, according to our standards, we expect, even demand, love in return, and if it is not reciprocal we begin to isolate our feelings and start justifying, rationalizing why we should terminate the relationship since it no longer serves us emotionally and / or materially. Many are those who have walked away from a relationship with God when the emotional phase passed (see the Parable of the Sower!).

But for those who yield to the Amen!

Our emotional response to attraction or kindnesses bestowed is a hearty “Yes” as we seek to be known and to delve into intimacy with another. It is a matter of wanting to be safe, of being able to trust others with our deepest self. Out of fear, another emotion, we often hide from the other, keeping something of ourselves to ourselves, and thus short-circuiting true intimacy. Our relationships stagnate here at a level less than all they can be and keeping us from fulfilling our true selves.

“Amen” crosses a significant line. Amen means “so be it,” a statement of fact, not feeling. Amen then takes us beyond the emotional self into being what we truly claim to be. Amen means vulnerability, making our deepest, seemingly repugnant self known, willingly and without fear. It means living sacrificially where the needs of others take on higher meaning than our own needs. Amen is the way of the Cross, the way we are to take up daily. Amen is a commitment to action.

When we enter into the Amen of Christian faith it is as we are empowered by love, being perfected in it, without fear of judgment or rejection. We may yet be rejected in this world but there is a security found in knowing that we will not be rejected by God for the weaknesses and stumbling of our humanness. Yes drinks of the milk in our infancy with Christ, but Amen eats solid food (Hebrews 5:12-14).

God says, “I love you.” Our Yes comes from feeling loved and accepted. Amen comes from that love becoming more than words and we find peace, entering into the assurance of salvation and can comfortably take action on behalf of others. Yes is our “out-of-the-gate” response to God. Amen is the step into Christian maturity that says, with Job, “though He slay me, I will hope in Him” (Job 13:15a), into a faith that fears nothing at all, including the costs of self-sacrifice.

(This essay is one of twenty one included in Considering Faith, available in Kindle format for $4.99 here at Amazon.com.)

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“Ripple Up” Economics, or How LinkedIn (and Facebook) Can Easily Change the World

As of June, 2013, LinkedIn membership is said to have topped 225 million. The vast majority of those are employed people in developed economies where a cup of coffee can easily cost $2.00 or more. Let’s think about how the sheer numbers of that worldwide association could change the world.

The best way to lift the global economy is to create new jobs. The best way to create new jobs is to fund the startup of new small businesses. In numerous countries, a new business can be launched for $2,000 (US) or less. But let us use that benchmark.

If an investment fund were to be created to help all LinkedIn members invest in global small business development, at $1.00 per day per member, at the end of one year the sum in hand would be $82,125,000,000.00. At $2000 each to launch a new enterprise in a developing economy, even allowing for ten percent costs to manage the fund (because money handlers like PayPal take their cut first if the money is contributed online, and other administrative functions – like finding and evaluating the use of funds – do not happen in a vacuum), the net result would be the launch of 36,956,250 small businesses. . . in one year!

If each one of those business only produced one new job:

The CIA World Factbook (www.cia.gov ) states that the global workforce stood at 3,264,000,000 (2011) and unemployment at 9.2% (2012). That means 300,288,000 are unemployed. If each one of the new businesses launched created just one new job, it would reduce the global unemployment rate to 8.1% (263,331,750 workers) IN ONE YEAR!

Over five years, that unemployment rate could be reduced to 3.5% (115,506,750 workers), cut by more than 60% . . . all for $1.00 per day from 225,000,000 million of the most affluent people on earth . . . LinkedIn members.[i]

The concept is what I call “Ripple Up” economics. As people in impoverished economies rise out of abject poverty, their household incomes are stabilized, and new wealth is created by the increased productivity among the poor, they buy products and services to make their lives more convenient. The funds invested in those economies would circulate within them, stimulating further local growth. Those same funds would then be exported to buy locally unavailable products and the ripple effect would start to reach into more developed economies, creating more demand for products from Japan, the United States, Australia, Europe, and so on, and reducing unemployment in those countries as well.

All gross domestic product (GDP), the core measure of economic energy in the world, ultimately is labor. Unemployed workers are rife with latent potential. Helping them become productive, even in a miniscule way, releases the potential of their effort. That potential, once released, builds upon itself to increase the size of the local and global economic pie to the benefit of all. All for $1.00 per day.

Is that an “investment” business people should be interested in as the rising tide will lift all boats? These are your future customers we can lift from poverty!

Is the cost to any of us so high as to keep us from thinking this is a good return-on-investment (ROI) on our smallish donation to such a cause?

This is a simple idea but one that is actually doable in the face of innumerable global hindrances, especially political, to enhancing the common good. Why would we not do this? This is not an issue of any particular faith or political ideology. This is an issue of human flourishing that affects us all, and especially our children and grandchildren. Such a program would create a rising tide of tax revenues to shore up indebted governments, allow for greater global commitments to education and healthcare, and provide a peace-inducing philosophy (trade partners have been proven less likely to fight one another if it is likely to disrupt their economic health) of human unity.

Production and exchange function at the  very foundations of human community and are the source of all prosperity. Business pays for everything in this world, that is, the value created by the division but cooperation and collaboration of our labors and exchanges provides a better quality of life for all who participate.

Please share this essay…let’s get the conversation going. I know there are plenty of professionals on LinkedIn we can gather together to facilitate the creation of a charitable investment fund that can change the world . . . all for $1.00 per day.

Just think if we accomplished the same thing with Facebook . . . at more than 1 billion users! We could gut global unemployment in less than one year! This is an opportunity never before seen in human history, to work together as one people, globally connected. “What hath God wrought?”[ii]

[i] http://booleanblackbelt.com/2011/09/linkedin-user-demographics-and-visitor-statistics-2011/ – “75% of LinkedIn users are college educated, with 27% at the graduate school level. Unsurprisingly, 39% of LinkedIn users make over $100K annually.”

[ii] Samuel Morse (citing Numbers 23:23) – first message sent on May 24, 1844 to officially open the Baltimore – Washington telegraph line.

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BAM Think Tank #4 – A Business Takeover (Combating Sex Trafficking)

A Business Takeover:
Combating the Business of the Sex Trade with Business as Mission

The fourth report released by the Global Business-as-Mission Think Tank is available here.

“Between 12 and 27 million people globally are currently caught in human trafficking and exploited for their labor or sexual services. To begin combating the monstrosities represented by these numbers, we must recognize that trafficking is an industry and the sex trade is a business. These are economically driven enterprises. We must intentionally and systematically acknowledge the important role of business as a strategy to fight the trade on both a macro and micro level.”

– from the Introduction.




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Business is Ministry

–          David B. Doty © 2013

The complexity of the ministry to which I have been called is exacerbated by the attempt to press the integration of its numerous aspects, especially theological research and education, and direct business practice. As I have shared with others that I am trying to raise capital funds to launch a new business, the question I most consistently hear is, “How is that related to your ministry?” The queries are honest simply because those asking have not made the logical connection from what looks like to them the two disparate activities.

A consistent foundational concern of maturing in Christian faith is the holistic re-integration of all areas of life – business, education, the arts, family, ideology, etc. ­– into their rightful spiritual significance. When God placed Adam in the Garden (Gen 2:15), He did not command Adam to till and tend the Garden. Rather, those functions were inherent in the created design of being human. Nor did God ask if Adam wanted a co-worker (a helpmate) and the material, intellectual, and spiritual exchanges that would occur within that relationship.

Over time, and especially the last few hundred years and in the progression of Western individualism and pragmatism, many of the various aspects of human life, described above by their institutionalized modeling, have fallen prey to the dis-integrating influence of the increasing complexity and specialization within human cultural and social development. Given that work is inherent to being human, as we have just seen, the influence of specialized work on the human psyche lends itself to compartmentalization of these various aspects of life and even of activities and disciplines within them. For example, specialization calls worship leaders to focus on the execution of music ministry but their time committed to perfecting their talents may undermine their commitment to reflect on the deep theological significance of the lyrics in the songs chosen since they may not necessarily understand their role as also being that of theologian and teacher. The hymnists of old understood the unification of these roles very well and the evidence is in how the lyrics are framed and shared through music.

But to answer the quizzical before me when I present the idea of starting a ministering business, I would begin with the assertion that “business is ministry.” I make this claim in Eden’s Bridge: The Marketplace in Creation and Mission but have found few other voices joining the chorus. More often we hear of business as mission (a means of ministering to specific needs in the world, as witness to God’s glory, or advancing God’s Kingdom in the world) or business for ministry (as a means to generate funding to support the work of churches and missions organizations). I find no fault in either of these concepts other than, perhaps, they fall somewhat short of understanding that business is ministry (as a means of our “being Christ” in the world).

Let me unpack that just a bit. I make an additional claim in Eden’s Bridge that profit should not be the aim of Christians in business. The argument goes that, first, there would have been not need of profit in the overt abundance in the Garden of Eden, and, second, the aim of Christian life is intimacy with God, that is, spiritual prosperity. The material and intellectual prosperity that comes by way of cooperation and collaboration in the marketplace are outcomes of that intimacy. That is not to say that everyone who prospers in the marketplace is intimate with God. Human beings have been bestowed with great strength of both imagination and endurance and can often produce great results, despite the thistles and thorns, by those strengths. But those successes, more typically oriented toward self indulgence, aggrandizement, and glory, are works without faith, just as dead as the futility of faith without works – an obvious theme in the integrative nature of the Gospel message.

So, how exactly is it that business is ministry? The answer lies in the nature of creation itself, which emanates from the nature of the godhead. The central focus of God as God and of creation as a product of God’s nature, character, and will, is relationship. Ministry is simply the mediation of the relationship between God and humankind, and business, as a vital institution in human society, is fundamentally about the facilitation of relationships. It is not the only institution that mediates the relationship of the divine and the temporal but it is perhaps as significant as any simply by the fact that it is the institution by which we survive and even thrive. Notice Jesus often fed people when he preached because 1) he knew they were hungry, but also 2) he knew people with grumbling stomachs are distracted people.

The core function of business is service through relationship. All gross domestic product is ultimately a function of labor, and labor alone. All the materials (and energy) used in production have already been provided by God for the abundant blessing of humankind. We simply manipulate what already exists. Therefore, the only real concern of business is relational stewardship – how we care for others. If we treat our vendors, customers, employees, and communities with the due respect and dignity of being created in the image of God, the outcomes are to be left in the hands of God’s determination. That is not to say we do not exercise due diligence to sustain the business and “give away the farm,” but it places the emphasis on what is not seen rather than what is seen. That is living by faith, or walking in the Light, or according to the Spirit, whichever descriptive phrasing we prefer.

God reveals himself to creation by 1) the order of creation (things tend to work consistently in certain ways to allow us a predictability of seasons and a stable environment, etc, as created by an unchanging God), and 2) in the character of the behavior of His people. We see Christ in another when they behave in godly ways. In the Old Testament, the term holy, when God says “be holy; for I am holy” (Lev 11:44), in Hebrew is qadosh a derivative of qadash which means to be clean, pure without defilement or sin. Sin is always framed as being an act committed against the interests of someone else (see Gen 39:9 or Ps 119:11). Sin can most simply be described as a(n unrighteous) violation of relationship.

Perhaps Micah 6:8 captures best what righteousness, the opposite of sin, looks like: “[God] has showed you what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?” In other words, right relationship toward humankind (in justice and kindness) and toward God (in humility) are the echo we hear in Jesus’ words to “Love God and love others” (Lu 10:27, paraphrased).

The point is this: business is a place where we can live according to our relationship with God, that is, in holiness, as witnesses to the very reality of God. As I have argued before, holiness occupies empty space. It cannot be practiced in isolation but only exists within how we interact with others, whether on our behalf or theirs or both. Therefore how we steward every relationship is of vital importance to our spiritual transformation. We lean into our life in Christ by knowing him (in intimacy) and living according to God’s will and ways (in obedience). That can sometimes lead us to face and make decisions that seem irrational to the world (because they are irrational to the world). But that is because godly behavior introduces a bit more of God’s Kingdom which countermands the world.

In the end because business is fundamentally about serving others, and so is charged with a myriad of relational obligations – business is ministry. Without that understanding, we might retain the idea that it is only ancillary to our faith and fall short of all that God intends for it, or us, to be.


Filed under Faith, Faith in the Marketplace

BAM Think Tank Report #3 – Business as Mission in Mongolia

Business as Mission in Mongolia
BAM Think Tank Regional Group Report

The third report released by the Global Business-as-Mission Think Tank is available here.

“The purpose of the BAM Think Tank Mongolia Regional Group is to review the opportunities for BAM work in Mongolia and make projections regarding future possibilities, so that current and future BAM entrepreneurs and ventures may be more successful.”

– from the Introduction.


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Think Tank Report: BAM & The End of Poverty

BAM and the End of Poverty: BAM at the Base of the Pyramid

The second report released by the Global Business-as-Mission Think Tank is available here.

“The Issue Group on Business as Mission at the Base of the Pyramid focused on the role of business in alleviating poverty, and the unique opportunity Christians in business have to address the needs and injustice of the 2.5 billion people who live on less than US$2.50 per day (the base of the pyramid or “BoP”).” – from the Executive Summary.

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